Speech Language Pathology is an area of healthcare that specializes in communication and swallowing disorders:
- cognitive aspects of communication (e.g., attention, memory, problem solving, executive functions);
- speech (i.e., phonation, articulation, fluency, resonance, and voice including aeromechanical components of respiration);
- language (i.e., phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatic/social aspects of communication) including comprehension and expression in oral, written, graphic, and manual modalities; language processing; preliteracy and language-based literacy skills, phonological awareness;
- swallowing or other upper aerodigestive functions such as infant feeding and aeromechanical events (evaluation of esophageal function is for the purpose of referral to medical professionals);
- sensory awareness related to communication, swallowing, or other upper aerodigestive functions.
The American Speech Language and Hearing Association (ASHA) vision for Speech Pathology:
- Making effective communication, a human right, accessible and achievable for all.
- Advocating on behalf of persons with communication and related disorders
- Advancing communication science
- Promoting effective human communication